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Eye Glaucoma Hamilton

Common Eye Conditions & Diseases

Many serious eye conditions do not cause obvious symptoms such as decreased vision, pain, redness or discharge. A comprehensive eye exam allows for these conditions to be detected and treated early.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Lazy eye is the loss or lack of development of central vision in one eye that is unrelated to any eye health problem and is not correctable with lenses. It can result from a failure to use both eyes together. Lazy eye is often associated with crossed-eyes or a large difference in the degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness between the two eyes. It usually develops before 6 years of age. Early diagnosis increases the chance of a complete recovery.

Nearsightedness (myopia)

A common condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects appear blurred. Myopia can occur at any age.

Farsightedness (Hyperopia)

Distant objects are easier to see than near objects. The extra effort required to see clearly at close range can induce blur, fatigue, muscle tension, discomfort and headaches.


Vision is blurred or distorted at all distances due to an irregular or slightly cylindrical cornea.


A natural effect of aging, usually occurring after the age of 40, in which the ability to focus on close objects decreases over time. It can cause headaches, blurred vision, tired eyes and the need for more light.


Occurs when the lens inside the eye becomes cloudy and vision becomes blurred and/or distorted. Initially, vision is improved with changes to eyeglasses or contact lenses, but eventually surgery may be required to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an intraocular lens implant.


Refers to a family of diseases that damage the optic nerve. In the early stages, glaucoma has no symptoms until significant damage has occurred. If left untreated, it results in blindness. Treatment is mainly with prescription eye drops but can also involve laser treatment or surgery.

Macular degeneration

A disease that results in permanent changes to central vision. It is a leading cause of central vision loss and sometimes blindness, with the risk increasing directly with age.